automobile engineering

Career in Automobile Engineering

Yashwant Kale Career Guidance Leave a Comment

Career opportunities for automobile engineers are predominantly dependent upon the performance of the automobile industry. There are broadly two categories – the passenger vehicles and the commercial vehicles. The automobile industry includes scooters, motor-cycles, cars, buses, light commercial vehicles and heavy commercial vehicles. Automobile engineering is related to the creative designing, economical manufacturing, rigorous testing, aggressive marketing, repairing and servicing of vehicles.

Industry prospects

A document written by the automobile industry in association with the Government of India reveals that the industry in India is projected to record revenue of US$ 300 billion by the year 2026 and this will be equivalent to 12% of the Gross Domestic product (GDP). The present market size has been estimated at US$ 74 billion;
This is expected to generate an additional 65 million jobs;
23 million vehicles were manufactured during the FY 2014-15. This is expected to be ramped up to 70 million vehicles annually by the year 2026;

Academia

Options after 10th standard

After completion of 10th Standard, a student can join a diploma programme in automobile engineering – Diploma in Automotive Engineering. Diploma holders are eligible to appear for the Associate Member of Institution of Engineers (AMIE) examination that is regarded as equivalent to a degree. Thereafter, the student can pursue a post-graduate diploma. The duration of the diploma courses is three years and for the post graduate diploma courses it is two years.

Options after 12th standard

Candidates who plan to study for a B.Tech. or B.E. in Automobile Engineering should have passed the Higher Secondary Certificate or 10+2 examination or any equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics with 50% marks. A better percentage in this examination will help in securing admission in a reputed college as the marks are taken into consideration while considering admission. For admission to courses for B.E. and B.Tech., the name of the candidate should appear in the merit list after the entrance examination – Indian Institute of Technology – Joint Entrance Examination (IIT-JEE), All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE), Birla Institute of Technology Science Aptitude Test (BITSAT), or State Entrance Examinations, etc. B.E. / B.Tech. courses are of four years duration.

Options after graduation

Graduate engineers are eligible to study for M.E / M.Tech in Automobile Engineering. Admission to post-graduate courses is on the basis of performance in the Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineers (GATE) examination. Jawaharlal Nehru Technical University (JNTU), Bharath University, Vellore Institute of Technology, and, Noorul Islam University conduct in-house entrance examinations for admissions. The M.E. / M.Tech. courses are of two years duration.

Course Content

The course content includes internal combustion engines, electronics and control systems, electrical systems, fuel technology, engine systems, emission controls, supply chain management, aerodynamics, fluid dynamics, thermodynamics, alternative fuels, and research and design.

Leading institutes and colleges

i. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), New Delhi;
ii. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur;
iii. National Institute of Technology (NIT), Raipur;
iv. Madras Institute of Technology, Tamil Nadu;
v. Sastra University, Thanajavur, Tamil Nadu;
vi. Dayanand Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru;
vii. Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu;
viii. Oriental Institute of Science and Technology, Bhopal;
ix. Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata;
x. PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore;
xi. Veermata Jijabhai Technological Institute, Mumbai
xii. SCMS School of Engineering and Technology, Kochi

Foreign colleges / institutes

i. Kolen University, Germany;
ii. Kettering University, USA;
iii. Hingolstadth University, Germany;
iv. Lawrence Technological University, USA;
v. Loughborough University, UK.

Job profile

There are three broad spheres in which automobile engineers function – design, development and production. Design Engineers responsibility is the development of new models, selection of appropriate materials, fulfillment of expected performance standards, etc. Development Engineers are responsible for fashioning of engineering elements in a vehicle as demanded by automobile manufacturers and customers but in conformity with Government regulations. Production Engineers work dimensions are selection of the machinery, factory layout, etc so as to maximize the number of units rolled off the conveyor belt.

Employability Skills

Analytical and problem solving skills (20%);
Computer skills (15%)
Excellent communication skills (15%);
Technical knowledge and creativity (30%);
Methodical and organised approach (20%)

Prospective Employers

An automobile engineer can look for employment with road transport corporations. automobile manufacturers, motor vehicles departments, private transport companies, service stations, research and development organizations, etc. Another alternative is start business as a consultant or an automobile engineering business. An entry into the educational field as a lecturer or professor is another alternative.

Leading Employers

i.Tata Motors Limited;
ii.Ashok Leyland Limited;
iii.Maruti Udyog Limited;
iv.Hyundai Motors Limited;
v.Mahindra & Mahindra Limited;
vi.Gabriel India Limited;
vii.Bajaj Auto Limited;
viii.Ford India Limited;
ix.Swaraj Mazda Limited
x.General Motors India Limited

Compensation Packages

A fresh graduate from a college or university with average standing in the employment market can expect a monthly salary in the range of Rs.15,000/- to Rs.20,000/-. Graduates from the IITs, NITs, BITS and other such reputed institutes command higher salaries.

Pluses and minuses

Pluses
Excellent pay and perquisites, on par with the best for the engineering community;
Job satisfaction as automobile engineers are usually also automobile aficionados;
Design and Development Engineers generally enjoy a comfortable work environment;

Minuses
Deadlines can be extremely demanding leading to high pressure situations;
Production Engineers generally face a noisy environment on the shop floor;
Work performed has to be meticulous else it may land the company in a situation of vehicle recalls and consequent loss.

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