CAREER OPTIONS AVAILABLE AFTER CLASS X IN
Most of the students graduating from school are often encountered
with the question – What next? The young minds are clueless about the
myriad career paths one can tread upon. Most students opt for +2 (Class
XII). This helps in reinforcing the concepts learnt in school and is a viable
choice for those who are envisioning pursuing a graduation. For deciding
upon a career option, one can attend career fairs, virtual fairs and read
popular newspaper columns on education such as the “The Hindu”. For any student to excel in his life and reach the pinnacle of success, it is essential to focus on one’s own inner self. Figure out what are your strengths and weaknesses. For example, a student who is strong in mathematics can opt for +2, take up IIT coaching and aim for a seat at one of the prestigious IITs (Indian Institute of Technology) or the IISc (Indian Institute of Science) or IISER (Indian Institute of Science Education and Research) or the IIST (Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology). A graduate from one of these top notch technical institutions is considered a hot favorite among several multi nation companies. So, it is up to the student to decide upon his ambitions in line with his strengths. If you’re unable to decide for yourselves, you can seek expert guidance or take a career aptitude test or an online psychometric test.
In this article, we shall provide a comprehensive career guide providing in depth details on the myriad of courses available for you to excel in your potential dream job.
CAREER PATH 1: PARAMEDICAL SCIENCES
A paramedic is a healthcare professional who provides medical care usually in an emergency, at the point of injury / accident to sustain life in the pre-hospital environment. The paramedic usually works in a specific area and is an integral part of the hospital.
The Course: The course duration is typically two to three years and varies according to different state boards. This diploma course is offered for those who pass class 12thtoo but the duration of the course is two years unlike three years for students who join after class 10th.
Admission Process: The respective State Paramedical Boards issue the admission notification generally in the months of July or August. Seats are reserved for students coming from OBC, SC, ST castes.
Placements: Most students get placed in their final year itself. After gaining a couple years of experience, paramedics are well paid. There is huge scope for jobs abroad too.
CAREER PATH 2: INDUSTRIAL TRAINING INSTITUTES
Industrial Training Institutes are government run training organizations which provide training in technical field and are constituted under Directorate General of Employment & Training (DGET), Ministry of Labor & Employment, and Government of India. ITI courses are designed to impart skills requisite of
a specific trade viz; craftsman, machinist, fitter, plumber, turner, welder etc.
The Course: The duration of course may vary from one year to three years depending on the trade chosen. After passing the course a person may opt to undergo practical training in his trade in an industry. A National Trade Certificate (NTC) in provided by NCVT (National Council for Vocational training) in the concerned trade and to obtained this certificate one has to qualify the All India Trade Test (AITT). These people can find job openings in government sectors like the Indian Railways, Telecom departments, Petrochem outfits, etc. after qualifying a written examination.
Admission Process: Every state has got its own Directorate of Vocational Education & Training department (DVET). Check out the respective websites for more information regarding the admission notification and further details. You can search using Google. Example: ITI Maharashtra for DVET of Maharashtra.
Opportunities after ITI: Government organizations like Indian Army, Railway, Navy, Air force and also paramilitary forces like BSF, CRPF provide opportunities for ITI passed candidates of different trades. ITI qualified persons can set up their own garage, motor/generator/transformer winding shops or fabrication shops, etc. If you’re ambitious, you can further go on for higher studies like diploma or a degree in engineering. With 2-3 years of experience one can seek job opportunities in the Middle East, Singapore, Malaysia, etc.
CAREER PATH 3: ARMED FORCES
After matriculation/ Class 10, one can join the Indian Armed forces.
Indian Army: One can apply to the posts of soldiers in technical trade through written exams like Indian Army Soldier Clerks Examination, Indian Army Soldier General Duty (N.E.R.) Examination, Indian Army Soldier Technical (M.E.R.) Examination, Indian Army Soldier Nursing Assistants (M.E.R.) Examination etc.
Indian Navy: In the Indian Navy job opportunities are available as Dock Yard Apprentices, Sailors, Artificer Apprentices, etc. on the basis of written examination.
The Examination: To join the Indian Armed services, one has to clear the written test and if selected, the interview. Generally the examination is held 2-4 times a year. The notification is advertised in the Employment news. Generally knowledge of English and General Knowledge is essential. Mathematics is mandatory for most of the posts. More details on age relaxation, reservation and physical standards are posted in the advertisements.
The final selected students are subjected to training at the armed forces training academies. The period of training for most trades is three years. A candidate can expect promotions and become a commissioned officer subject to fulfillment of the conditions of the related trade.
Apart from above listed career paths, there are several other careerpaths to choose from basing on ones interests. Click here to check out other
non-conventional career paths after class X.