Public administration can be simply described as implantation of the policies formed by the government. It is also a field of study that deals with this implementation and it is way to prepare administrative officers for dealing with the public administration. The set of policies and principles framed by the government are put in to practice by public administration officers. It involves detailed analysis of the entire process of how the government makes the decision, the process which leads to that decision making and the various processes and methods that are needed for making alternative policies in case it is required.
Public administration is a crucial aspect of any bureaucracy especially in a democracy because in a democracy the citizens choose their government and hence the government policies in a way reflect upon their own choices and discretion.
The main aim of public administration is to optimize the use of human, financial and administrative resources.
To have a career in public administration one has to study social sciences at the 10+2 level in school. Various subjects can be chosen but it is preferable to study political science.
Thereafter a Bachelor of Arts degree can be pursued in public administration. Many colleges offer this course in conjunction with other courses like economics, human resource management etc. various colleges which offer course in public administration are Indian Institute of public administration, India Gandhi National Open University, Banaras Hindu University, Kurukshetra University, Jamia Milia Islamia University New Delhi, Madurai University, Madurai.
After graduation one can also pursue post graduation that is M.A in public administration. Further studies can comprise of a doctoral degree in public administration.The job prospects for public administration students are many. They can both work with government bodies as well non government organizations.
A deep understanding of government policies and the implementation of those policies in public sector is mandatory. This requires thorough study of various government documents and strong analytical ability. A genuine desire to do welfare of citizens is required. Also a strong and valid opinion on various acts of government is also required. For those who want to pursue public administration a systematic approach towards studies is always important. The aspirant has to be willing to work with proficiency in various government workings.
• A chance to study the government policies in details whilst working in government.
• It gives an individual a chance to analyze the implication of various government acts on the public sector.
• Most students of public administration can further appear for civil services examinations which are considered to be very prestigious and are conducted by the UPSC.
A career in public administration is an excellent opportunity for those who want to work in government. This profession is not only prestigious and respectable; it opens a lot more avenues for the student. Students can go ahead and pursue not only a master’s degree in public administration, but can also become officers in administrative services.