Civil Services Exam Conducted by UPSC
UPSC Civil Services Exam is the examination system for the entry to the job of Civil Services and is considered as one of the prime examinations of India. It is being conducted for the recruitment of the various IPS, IFS and IAS. These are one of the toughest examinations of the country and such is the toughness of the exam that only 0.1% to 0.3% of the candidates are declared successful.
Notification of the Examination
The notification for the application form comes in the month of the November/December of the previous Year.
Conduct of the Examination
The examination is conducted in two phases; one is the
- Preliminary exam while the other is the
- Mains exam.
The Preliminary exam is conducted in the month of May while the Mains is held in October/November.
The candidates having the graduation degree are eligible to apply for the examination. While, if we talk on the age limit, it is 21-32 Years as on 1st August of the exam year. There is an age relaxation to some communities as issued in the notification.
Syllabus of the Examination
As the exam is divided into two phases; one is the Preliminary Stage while the other is the Mains Stage, the syllabus is divided based on that.
The Preliminary Examination consists of two papers of objective type (multiple-choice questions) which carry a maximum of 400 marks. Each Paper is comprised of 200 marks each and time duration is 2 hours each. The Question Papers are set in English & Hindi Language both.
- Paper 1 consists of the questions related to the current events, history of India and national movement, Indian and World Geography, Indian Polity and Governance, Economic and social development, environmental ecology, biodiversity, climate change and questions on General Science.
- Paper 2 consists of questions testing the candidates’ skills on the subjects like comprehension, interpersonal skills, communication and logical reasoning. The questions related to the analytical ability, decision making, problem solving, basic numeracy, data interpretation, English language comprehension skills and mental ability are also the part of the Paper 2.
The Mains Examination consists of 9 Papers among which 7 are for merit while 2 are the qualifying in nature. The Mains Stage Exam consists of
Paper – I: One Indian Language among all the 18 languages as prescribed in the 8th Schedule of the Constitution. The paper is comprised of 300 marks in total.
Paper – II: English, which is the Qualifying Paper and is comprised of 300 marks.
Paper – III: Essay which consists of 200 marks.
Paper – IV & V: General Studies. Each paper in this category is comprised of 300 marks each.
Paper – VI, VII, VIII & IX: Two subjects from the list of optional subjects which includes the subjects like Law, Geography, Botany, History, Mathematics and many more. Each subject will have two papers. There are around 25 subjects to choose from. Each paper comprised of 300 marks.
Thus, there is a maximum mark of 2000 in total. While the interview is scheduled to contain 300 marks,
Number of attempts and other Details
The appearing in the examination is restricted to the certain number of attempts by the candidates. The General Category Candidates and OBC under the creamy layers have the maximum of 6 attempts while the other OBC Category candidates are given the maximum of 9 attempts. The SC/ST Candidates have been given the unlimited attempts to clear the examination. However, one must remember that just applying for the examination doesn’t count and until he/she sits at the examination, the attempt is not counted.
Vacancies and Selections
The candidates each year, appears in high number at the Preliminary stage and it is estimated that around 5 to 6 lakh candidates apply for the examination. However, around 60% only sit at the examination. It is being said that the number of vacancies each year counts to around 1000 and the number of candidates selected for the mains examination is around 11 on 1 seat. Thus, the number of candidates selected for the Mains is around 11000. The number of candidates selected for the interview counts to around 2000. The Survey suggests that to get the higher position as IAS, one must secure a spot in the top 80 or something around that.
The UPSC Civil Services is the examination to get into one of the most Prestigious Government Jobs in India and the candidates should focus on the preparation with full devotion and confidence.