Education in India
India is a country having a population of around 1.3 billion. With such a big population, the education in India is being provided by both the Public and Private sectors. Recently, Education in India has been a prime focus of the system and the view to provide the basic education to all the people of the country, the constitution has provided the free education to all children between the ages of 6 years to 14 years as their fundamental right.
Data related to Education in India
If we talk about the education system in India and its facts with respect to our country, we can conclude several points which are listed as follows:
1.The Education system in India is a federal, state and private system.
2.The Compulsory System of Education in India is established on 1st April, 2010.
3.Talking about education in the country, we can say that 74% of the population of the country are literate.
4. Among the population, the male literacy rate is around 82%, while in case of female the percentage is around 65.5.
5. The head of ministry of Human Resource development in India is Smriti Zubin Irani.
How Education System works in India
The Education in India is under the concerns of the UGC (University Grants Commission). This institution has the responsibility of coordinating, determining and maintaining the Education system in India and even to improve the quality of Education at various levels. In India, the education system has many professional bodies which are responsible for the accreditation of several courses in the country. There are several professional bodies which are responsible individually for the Professional courses and its handling in an effective way. These professional bodies are as follows:
1.AICTE which stands for All India Council for Technical Education
2.BCI, Bar Council of India
3.DCI, which stands for Dentist Council of India
4.ICAR- Indian Council for Agriculture research
5.PCI which stands for Pharmacy Council of India
6.INC, Indian Nursing Council
7.RCI, which stands for Rehabilitation Council of India
8.MCI, stands for Medical Council of India
9.NCTE which stands for National Council for Teacher Education
10.DEC, standing for Distance Education Council
11.CCH which stands for Central Council of Homeopathy
12.CCIM, which stands for Central Council of Indian Medicine
Stages of Education System in India
In India, the Education in India can be divided into various stages.These stages are as follows:
Pre-primary: It includes the children from the ages between 3 years to 5 years. The schooling like Nursery, Kindergarten comes under this category.
Primary: From class 1 to class 5, the students of 6 years to 11 years come under the category of ‘Primary’ Stage.
Middle: Under the category of ‘Middle’ Stage, the classes from 6 to 8 can be included.
Secondary: The Secondary stage is for the students who are studying in class 9th and class 10th.
Higher Secondary: The Higher Secondary Stage comes to the classes 11th and 12th.
Undergraduate: This is the stage where a student gets graduate degree. The graduation degree in India differs. For example, the medical degree is about four and a half years plus internship of a year while several other simple degrees are of three years. The B Tech. The degree is about 4 Years.
Post Graduate: After the completion of graduate degree, the process of achieving higher degree of Post graduate like Master degree (MBA, M Tech, and M Sc. Etc) comes under the category of Post Graduate stage.
The NCERT or the National Council of Educational Research and Training is the highest body which deals in the matters of Curriculum in the education system in India. It also provides support to the various schools on technical aspects and guards the education policies of the country.
Diving into the History of Education in India
The Education System in India has been the gift of Wood’s Dispatch of 1854. Thus, we can easily say that the present educational system of the country has been the implantation of the British Rulers.
Present Scenario of the Education in India
In the present Scenario, there are more than 19000 colleges or more than this. The number of Central universities in India at the present time is around 43 and 275 state universities. There are many deemed universities which is around 130 in number and national Institutes in India.
The Education in India is the important part in the development of Indian economy. More the people will get educated; the greater is the chance for those people to contribute towards the development of the country.