Career in Electronics and Telecommunications Sector

Yashwant Kale Career Guidance Leave a Comment

Electronics and Communication Engineering has applicability ion such a wide range of industries that graduates are usually spoilt for choice when it comes to deciding in which industry to build a career. Electronics and Communication Engineering is an integral part of wireless communications systems, radio and television, signal processing, digital systems, optical communication networks

Industry prospects

The future prospects have to be assessed in the light of the performance of the economy as a whole. The Indian economy continues to be a bright spot in the global economy and is estimated to grow at 7% to 7.5% in the fiscal year 2015-16. This growth rate is expected to be sustained in the near future.


Options after 12th standard

To be eligible for admission to a B.E./B.Tech. course the student should have completed the Higher Secondary Certificate or 10+2 examination or any equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. There is considerable demand and competition for admission to these courses and usually only students with an excellent academic record and who perform well in the competitive entrance examination are rewarded with an admission. For admission to an Institute of Technology, the entrance examination is the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE), for other major institutes and reputed colleges, the All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE) is the gateway examination. Colleges also conduct their own entrance tests or consider admission on the basis of state level entrance tests. The duration of the under graduate courses is 4 years.


The courses available are:
i. B.E./B.Tech. (Electronics Engineering);
ii. B.E./B.Tech. (Electronics and Communication Engineering);

Course Content

The course content would include Communications Engineering, Power Electronics, Computer Architecture, Signals and Systems, Digital Electronics, Electronic Circuits, VLSI. Applied Electromagnetic Theory and Control Systems.

Options after graduation

Students who complete B.E./B.Tech. are eligible for admission to a post graduate course for the award of M.E./M.Tech. Admission is granted on the basis of performance in the Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineers (GATE).


The courses available are:
i. M.E./M.Tech. (Electronics Engineering);
ii. M.E./M.Tech. (Electronics and Communication Engineering);
Students interested in research can opt to study for a doctorate after completion of post graduate study.


The Institution of Engineers conducts a course in electronics and communication engineering. The certificate – Associate Member of the Institution of Engineers – awarded by the Institution of Engineers is regarded as on par with a B.E./B.Tech. degree from a college and students are eligible to compete for posts offered by the Union Public Services Commission (UPSC).

Leading institutes and colleges

i. Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati;
ii. Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur;
iii. Indian Institute of Technology; Roorkee;
iv. Indian Institute of Technology, Varanasi;
v. Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai;
vi. Indian Institute of Technology, Madras;
vii. Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi;
viii. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur;
ix. Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani;
x. National Institute of Technology, Surathkal;
xi. National Institute of Technology, Warangal;
xii. National Institute of Technology, Trichy;
xiii. Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology;
xiv. International Institute of Information Technology
xv. Faculty of engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata

Foreign Colleges

i. California Institute of Technology, USA;
ii. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA;
iii. Stanford University, USA;
iv. Georgia University, USA;
v. University of California, USA;
vi. University of Illinois, USA;
vii. University of Michigan;
viii. Princeton University; USA;
ix. Carnegie Mellon University, USA

Job profile

An Electronics and Communication Engineer would have to deal with miniaturized accessories such as microprocessors, transistors, circuit designs, fibre optics and semi-conductor devices. The work dimensions would include conceptualizing, making blueprints, producing prototypes, alpha and beta testing of new products, controlled and commercial manufacture of electronic circuits, signaling systems, integrated circuits, communication systems, etc. The work environment is air-conditioned because of the criticality of a pollution free environment.

Employability Skills

Mathematical Skills

Technical Skills

Creative thinking with a sharp analytical mind

Good English communication

Team spirit with good inter-personal skills

Prospective Employers

Electronics and communication engineering has applicability in diverse fields of the economy. These include hospitals, defense, oil and gas, chemical, transportation, steel, petroleum, energy, and telecommunication media (radio, television and computers), etc.

Leading Employers

Employment in the Government of India or a State Government is a distinct possibility after passing the examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) or Staff Selection Commission. Well known Public Sector
Undertakings that employ Electronics and Communications Engineers include:

All India Radio;
Indian Railways;
Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO);
Oil & Natural Gas Commission (ONGC);
Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL);
Bharat Electronics Limited;
Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL);
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL);
Indian Space Research Organization, etc.

The prominent private sector employers are:
Siemens Limited;
Samsung Electronics;
Motorola India;
Texas Instruments;
Philips Electronics;
LG Electronics;
HCL Technologies, etc.

Compensation Packages

Fresh graduates from average colleges can expect to start their career at a monthly salary of R.20,000/- while those from colleges which have built a reputation could expect Rs.30,000/-. The compensation package offered to a graduate from an IIT would start at around Rs.10.55 lakh per annum (equivalent to Rs.88,000/- per month and could go up to Rs.25.00 lakh per annum (equivalent to Rs.2.08 lakh per month). Those who secure employment abroad could look forward to earning US$ 2500 to US$ 4000 per month.

Pluses and minuses

Lucrative compensation packages;
Excellent physical work environment;

Extreme work pressure and near impossible deadlines;
Work-life imbalance;

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