Gender Gap Report
The Global Gender Gap Report, presented by the World Economic Forum since 2006, provides a structure to catching the extent of sex based inconsistencies far and wide throughout the world. The report benchmarks national sex gaps on monetary, political, instruction and well being based criteria and gives nation rankings that permit to viable examination crosswise over districts and pay groups. The rankings are intended to make more noteworthy mindfulness among the world thinkers of the difficulties postured by sexual orientation and the opportunities made by diminishing them. The approach and quantitative examination behind the rankings are expected to serve as an issue for outlining powerful measures for decreasing sex related discriminations.
The report’s Gender Gap Index scores can be deciphered as the rate of the imbalance in the middle of females and men that has been closed. The three most highest ranked countries have managed to bridge the gaps in excess of 84% of their sexual gender gaps, while the least ranked nation has shut just a bit in excess of half of its gender gap. By giving estimate to evaluating and looking at worldwide gender gaps and by uncovering those nations that are good examples in partitioning these assets even handedly in distributing the resources between ladies and men, the Report serves as an issue for more prominent awareness generation.
India has fared very disappointingly in evacuating gender gaps based differences, positioning 114 out of 142 nations, scoring beneath normal on parameters like monetary investment, education and health. India slipped 13 spots from its last year’s positioning of 101 on the Gender Gap Index. India is therefore among the 20 worse performing nations on the index.
Then again, India is among the main 20 best-performing nations on the political empowerment front. The report said that India has the most highest differences among males and females on the normal minutes used for every day on unpaid work. It is additionally among the nations with the most differences in the female and male rate of aggregate R&d work force. India has one of the most minimal rates of females as in charge of companies.
India had encountered change of its general score since 2010, when it had positioned 112. It had positioned 105 in 2012 and 101 last year however saw a diminishing in 2014.
India performed better than nations like UAE, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and Jordan.
Top5 nations as per report of 2014:
Iceland, then Finland , followed by Norway, Sweden and Denmark. Gender empowerment index measures 4 indices, that is, income participation, education, health and well being and political empowerment.
India’s ranks in various indices among all nations as per the report (there were total 142 nations surveyed).
As far as economic participation is concerned, India ranks at 134; in Education and access to basic and higher education- 126; Health- 141 which is very disappointing as there are only 142 nations in all. Political empowerment- 15. Political empowerment is the only area where India has managed to surpass other countries. The overall ranking of India is 114. Unfortunately, last year that is, in 2013, India was ranked at 101 (higher).
Some disturbing number son Indian women from the Gender Gap Report-
No seats reserved for females in the Central Legislature (women bill reservation is pending but no surety on when it will be passed). India has a high fertility rate of 2.5% and only 7$ of Company Board management is represented by ladies. Only 15% of Indian women work as scientists and 19% are working as labourers in farmland. 27% of Indian females get married before 20 and 33% become mothers before age of 20. 44% suffer from malnutrition and 67% pregnancies are delivered by trained persons (which means that 33% are delivered by untrained people and risk of death is higher). Maternal mortality is 190 per lakh live births.