Higher Education in India
Indian Higher Education which was originally developed to serve the elite population is now a tool for the people of all kinds. India’s Higher education ranks third in the world just after USA and China. But it is more likely to surpass USA and China in next decade. The Higher Education in the country is being looked after by the UGC (University Grants Commission). UGC looks after all the proceedings of the higher education at the third level. However, accreditation of higher education is looked after by the 12 different autonomous institutes which are established by the UGC.
Current Situation of India and Higher Education
In the current situation, India got around 50% of the population under 25 years old and thus the scope of the higher education is far higher when we consider this age group. Thus, we can say that in some years from now, India will surely surpass China in terms of young population which will be another motivating factor for the betterment of Indian higher education.
Future of Indian Higher Education
By 2030, India will be among the youngest nations of the world and with 140 million youths coming under the age group of higher education, the nation will produce 1 in every 4 graduate in the world. Indian higher Education has transformed itself as a hub of cheap and high quality platform for Higher education and this scenario is going to continue in upcoming years too. The demands of the higher education and further improvement in the higher education in the country will in fact provide a golden chance to the country to establish its high authority in the field of higher education in the whole world.
UGC and its Role
UGC has played a vital role in the promotion of Higher education in India and in making it more beneficial and reliable. Through the development of several new schemes for the betterment of the higher education, UGC has proved its utility. Through the support of academic and financial along with administrative support, the UGC has done wonders for the improvement of higher Education in the country.
Fast Pace of Indian Higher Education
The fast pace of the Indian higher education can be judged by the fact that Indian since 2001 has added 20000 colleges in its fleet. When we talk about the number of students, the number stands at whooping 8 million in the same time period. Thus, according to the reports of 2011, India got 42 central universities, more than 130 deemed universities, near about 275 state universities and more than 90 private universities. The number of colleges in the form of Government and Private Degree colleges stands at 33000 and among them almost 1800 are exclusively women’s colleges.
Challenges in front of Higher Education
Even if we are seeing the fast paced development in the higher education, there are still some of the issues which higher education is currently facing. These four challenges are:
1) Quality: When we talk about the quality of education provide at the level; of higher education, we can say that we are extremely disappointed. When we talk about the quality of education and the research, we see a big disappointed in this field. Lack of training facilities and research along with poor quality teaching are some of the factors which are paving a hindrance to the higher education of India to come forefront on global stage.
2) Growth and Opportunities: When we talk about India, we think about integrity in diversity but along with this we can easily see the inequality in the education and the lack of opportunities to some sections of the society. In India, there is multidimensional inequality which is a hindrance to the opportunities and growth on consistent basis.
3) Constraint on Research and Innovation: With the less emphasis on research and less enrollment in PhD degree, the number of high quality researchers and discoverers are less. The study which is primarily based on books is imparted and the motivation to discovery and innovations is quite low, thus lacking high quality innovators.
4) Supply and Demand: Currently India is struggling at the stage of supply and demand of higher education gainers. At the present moment, India sees the enrollment of just 18% in the higher education while the compatriot nation like China sees 26% of the enrollment.
The Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) are the most prestigious institutions of the country which are the representative of India Premier higher education on global platform. Indian Institute of Science stands as the premier research institute in the field of Science and Engineering while the IIMs are the top most institutions for management studies in the country.
We are of the utmost confidence that India will improve more in Higher Education and surely one day it will lead globally in the field of Higher education, both quality wise and with quantity perspective too.