Important Persons in Indian History – History Notes

Yashwant Kale General, Notes Leave a Comment

1) Mahatma Gandhi (1869 – 1948) – Foremost political leader of the Indian independence movement.
2) Akbar (1542 – 1605) The Great Mughal Emperor
3) Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964) – The first Prime Minister of an Independent India 1947.
4) Indira Gandhi (1917 – 1984) Prime Minister of the Republic of India for three consecutive terms from 1966 to 1977 and for a fourth term from 1980 until her assassination in 1984
5) Ashoka (c 269 BCE to 232 BCE) – One of the greatest Indian rulers of all time
6) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar (1891 – 1956) – Political activist and social reformer who campaigned for greater equality for ‘untouchable castes’ and women.
7) Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose (1897-1945) Indian nationalist leader
8) President R Venkataraman (1910 – 2009) Indian lawyer, Indian independence activist and Eighth President of India
9) Lord Buddha (c 560BC – c 460BC) – Founder of Buddhism
10) Aurobindo (1872 – 1950) One of the key figures in the early Indian Independence movement,
11) Swami Vivekananda (1863 – 1902) – Indian Hindu monk and chief disciple of the 19th-century saint Ramakrishna
12) Sri Ramakrishna (1836 – 1886) was an influential Bengali mystic and spiritual Guru
13) Guru Nanak (1469-1539) Spiritual Guru and founder of Sikhism
14) Sri Chaitanya (1486–1534) a devotee of Lord Krishna
15) Mirabai (c. 1498 – c. 1557) A Hindu princess who forsook Royal privileges to become a saint and devote her life to Lord Krishna
16) Paramahansa Yogananda (1893 – 1952) was a popular spiritual Teacher, who came to the West in the 1920s. Yogananda was a disciple of Sri Yukteswar and was responsible for the early spread of Hindu yoga in the US
17) Anandamayi Ma (1896 – 1982) a Hindu saint from Bengal. Many followers and observers found her to be often in a divinely intoxicated state. Healing and other miracles have been attributed to her.
18) Sri Chinmoy (1931-2007) born in India, Sri Chinmoy spent 20 years in the Sri Aurobindo Ashram before coming to the US in 1964. He established meditation centres around the world and created the Sri Chinmoy Oneness Home Peace Run.
A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada (1896-1977) is the founder of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON)
19) Satyajit Ray (1921-1992) Author, film director, producer, illustrator and film critic
20) Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) The Seer-Poet of modern India. Tagore, was the first Indian to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913. A consummate poet, composer and artist. Returned his knighthood in protest at mistreatment of Indians by the British.
21) Dr S. Radhakrishnan (1888 – 1975) Radhakrishnan was the foremost philosopher of modern Indian thought. 2nd President of India.
22) Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay (1838 – 1894) Bengali poet, author and journalist. Bankim composed Vande Mataram – which became the national song of India and played a pivotal role in the Indian nationalist movement.
23) Sarojini Naidu (1879-1949%2ment.
23) Sarojini Naidu (1879-1949) Influential Indian author and poet. Also Indian independence activist and poet.
24) Kalidasa (4th – 5th Century AD) Classical poet. Kalidasa is considered the greatest poet and dramatist in the Sanskrit language.
25) Dwijendra Lal Roy (1863 – 1913) – Bengali poet and playwright. Wrote over 500 Bengali songs. Influential Indian nationalist, who opposed the partition of Bengal. Also criticised treatment of women by Hindu orthodoxy.
26) Amartya Sen (1933- ) an Indian economist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for economics in 1988. He has worked on social choice theory and contributed to the field of development economics.
27) Ali Akbar Khan (1922-2009) – Sarod Player. Khan popularised Indian classical music in the West and often played with Ravi Shankar
28) Ravi Shankar (1920 – 2012) – Sitar player. Shankar was a sitar virtuoso and composer. He played all around the world and helped to popularise Indian classical music in the west.
29) Satyendra Nath Bose (1894 – 1974) Indian physicist who worked on quantum mechanics. Collaborated with A.Einstein to found Bose-Einstein statistics and Bose-Einstein condensate.
30) Sri Jagadish Chandra Bose (1858 – 1937) Bengali polymath. Bose took an interest in a wide range of sciences. He made contributions to plant physiology, microwave optics and radio waves.
31) Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray ( 1861 – 1944) Bengali chemist, education activist and founder of Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals.
32) Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (1888 – 1970) – Nobel Prize Physics 1930 for his work on light scattering and wavelength.
33) Sachin Tendulkar (1973 – ) One of the world’s greatest ever test batsmen. Tendulkar scored over 30,000 runs in international cricket and set numerous records. He won the cricket World Cup with India in 2011.
34) Dhyan Chand (1905 – 1979) (India, hockey) Chand is considered the greatest field hockey player of all time. He won three Olympic gold medals with India ’28, ’32 and ’36.
35) Raja Rammohun Roy (1772 – 1833) Influential political and cultural activist who helped found the Brahmo Samaj. Considered the father of the Indian Renaissance for his attempts to promote reform and also protect Indian rights.
36) ChittraRanjan Das (1870-1925) Lawyer and politician – Das represented Sri Aurobindo at the Alipore bomb trial and later founded the Bengali Swaraj ‘Independence’ Party in Bengal.
37) Lala Lajpat Rai (1865 – 1928) Punjabi author and politician Lal was a leader of the Indian independence movement who died after sustaining injuries in a protest against British rule.
38) Bal Gangadhar Tilak (1856 – 1920) Prominent early leader of the Indian nationalist cause. Tilak was an early proponent of Swaraj and was imprisoned for sedition. Despite his radical stance, Gandhi saw Tilak as his political guru.
39) Bipin Chandra Pal (1858–1932) Indian nationalist, who like Lala Rai and Tilak proposed direct action to secure Indian freedom.
40) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (1875 – 1950) Indian barrister and politician. Patel was a leading figure in the leadership of the Indian Congress and played a leading role in the Independence struggle. He was deputy Prime Minister 1947-50 and is considered one of India’s founding fathers for helping to integrate the Indian states after independence.
41) Sarat Chandra Bose (1889 – 1950) Indian independence activist. The elder brother of Subhas Chandra Bose, who strongly supported Bose’s Indian National Army.
42) Surya Sen (1894 – 1934) Surya Sen was an Indian revolutionary who was elected President of the Chittagong Indian National Congress. In 1930, he led a group of revolutionaries in the Chittagong Armoury raid, and three years later was captured and executed.
43) Sarat Chandra Bose (1889 – 1950) Indian independence activist. The elder brother of Subhas Chandra Bose, who strongly supported Bose’s Indian National Army.
44) Mother Teresa (1910-1997) Mother Teresa was born in Albania, but, she made her home in the slums of Calcutta. Her compassion and selfless service to the underprivileged of India and the whole world, slowly won the hearts of her fellow Indians.

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