An employment in the Indian Navy is a matter of considerable personal prestige and adds to the social status of the recruit. The employment offers financial security not only while in service but also post-retirement because of life-time pension.
Employment in the Indian Navy could be in any one of five divisions – Executive, Engineering, Engineering (Naval Architecture), Electrical or Education. There are two routes for joining the Indian Navy as an Officer; the UPSC route and the Non-UPC route.
• The UPSC conducts competitive written examinations for admission to the National Defence Academy (NDA) / Naval Academy for candidates who have completed their 10+2 or equivalent examination;
• For graduates, the UPSC conducts the Combined Defence Services Examination (CDSE) which is also a written examination;
• After the written examinations, there is an interview that is conducted by the Services Selection Board.
• The results are forwarded to the UPSC which prepares the final merit list on the basis of which results are declared and admissions offered subject to medical fitness of the selected candidates.
Non UPSC Route
• There is no written examination;
• Applications are to be made directly to the Integrated Headquarters of the Ministry of Defence;
• Candidates are short listed on the basis of marks scored in the 10+2 examination which is the qualifying examination;
• The short listed candidates are interviewed by the Services Selection Board;
• Successful candidates’ names appear in the final merit list.
Options after 12th Standard
• Gentlemen candidates, aged between 16 ½ years to 19 years, who have completed the Higher Secondary Certificate or 10+2 examination or any equivalent examination with Physics and Mathematics, are eligible for admission to the National Defence Academy (NDA). The candidates will be required to appear for an entry level examination conducted by the Union Public Services Commission (UPSC) The successful candidates will be offered a Permanent Commission in the Executive Branch of the Indian Navy;
• Gentlemen candidates, aged between 16 ½ years to 19 years, who have completed the Higher Secondary Certificate or 10+2 examination or any equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics with 70% marks in PCM and not less than 50% marks in English in either the 10th or the 12th standard are eligible for Cadet Entry in the Engineering Branch or the Engineering (Naval Architects) Branch or the Electrical Branch of the Indian Navy with Permanent Commission;
Options after graduation
• Gentlemen candidates, aged between 19 years and 22 years, who are graduates in B.Sc. (Physics and Mathematics) or B.E. in any discipline, are eligible for the Graduate Special Entry Scheme. The GSES leads to a Permanent Commission in the Executive Branch of the Indian Navy
• Gentlemen candidates, aged between 19 years and 24 years, who are graduates in B.Sc. (Physics and Mathematics) or B.E. in any discipline, with Naval Wing Senior Division NCC ‘C’ Certificate, are eligible for NCC Special Entry leading to a Permanent Commission in the Executive Branch of the Indian Navy;
• Gentlemen candidates, aged between 19 ½ years and 25 years, who are graduates in B.E./B.Tech. (Mechanical), B.E./B.Tech. (Electrical) or B.E./B.Tech (Electronics) or M.Sc. (Physics) or M.Sc. (Electronics), are eligible for Permanent Commission in the Naval Armament Inspection Cadre of the Executive Branch;
• Gentlemen candidates, aged between 22 years and 27 years, who are graduates in Law, with a minimum of 55% marks and qualified for enrolment as Advocates under the Advocates Act, 1961 are eligible for a Permanent Commission in the Law Cadre of the Executive Branch;
• Gentlemen candidates, aged between 19 ½ years and 25 years, who are first class graduates in B.Com, B.A.(Economics), MBA, BBA, BBM, MCA, BCA, B.Sc. (Information Technology), B.E. in any discipline, B. Architecture, ICWA, CA or a graduate/post graduate in Materials Management are eligible for a Permanent Commission in the Logistics Cadre of the Executive Branch.
• Candidates, aged between 21 years and 25 years, who are B.E./B.Tech. (Naval Architecture) with 60% marks are eligible, through campus recruitment, for a Permanent Commission under the Special Naval Architect Entry Scheme;
• Officers in the Executive Branch would have the opportunity to command warships, naval aircraft and submarines;
• Their areas of specialization are spread over gunnery and missiles, submarines and anti-submarine warfare, pilot, hydrography, diving and navigation and direction;
• Information Technology, Air Traffic Control, Law, Logistics, and Naval Armament Inspection are other options;
• Engineer Officers are responsible for keeping all the hi-tech equipment shipshape. Work locations would be on board vessels, in naval dockyards and at indigenous production facilities;
• Electrical Branch Officers have the huge responsibility of keeping all the equipment, most of it computer-aided and or computer-based, in prime condition. These equipment include missile systems, radar, underwater weapons and radio communications.
Leadership Skills (30%);
Initiative and decision taking ability (20%);
Impeccable integrity and character (15%);
Good communication skills (20%);
After implementation of the recommendations of the Sixth Pay Commission, the compensation package for Officers of the Indian navy has become quite attractive. The average monthly salary of a Junior Engineer would be around Rs.28,000/- per month, that of a Lieutenant around Rs.65,000/- and of a Staff Officer approximately Rs.50,000/-
Pluses and Minuses
Honour of serving the nation and the attendant prestige in social circles; Attractive compensation package and fringe benefits;
Security of Government employment
Promotion avenues are limited because promotions are generally on the basis of seniority;
Transfer are frequent or if posting is on board ship, there is not much time available with family;