information technology

Information Technology Career Sector Overview

Yashwant Kale Career Guidance Leave a Comment

India’s human resource talent in the Information Technology (IT) fields has acquired world-wide recognition. IT employment is viewed as the road to a high earnings role with ample scope for international travel and off-shore work. Corporate based in the United States of America (USA), Canada, Australia, and the European Union are all eager to contract with Indian companies for their IT and ITES requirements.

Industry prospects

By the year 2020, the IT-ITES sector is projected to generate direct employment for 10 million persons and indirect employment for 40 million persons;
During the FY 2014-15, the IT sector recorded revenue of U$ 108 billion;
NASSCOM has estimated the annual growth rate of the Indian IT sector at 25%;
The CAGR of the Indian IT sector during 2010-2015 was 15%;
It is projected to expand at a CAGR of 9.5% during 2015-2020 taking annual revenues to US$ 300 billion.


Options after 12th standard

To be eligible to study for a bachelor’s degree, the candidate should have passed the higher secondary certificate (HSC) / 10+2 or an equivalent examination with science subject such as physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics.
The courses available are B.E./B.Tech. (Information Technology), B.E/B.Tech. (Information Science and Engineering), B.E. /B.Tech (Computer Science), Bachelors in Computer Applications. The duration of the course is 4 years.
Such students are also eligible for admission for Diploma in Information Technology

Options after graduation

Students who hold a degree in B.E/B.Tech.(Information Science or Information Technology or Bachelors in Computer Applications) or any equivalent engineering degree are eligible for admission to a master’s course. The courses available are M.E/ M.Tech (Information Technology). The duration of the course is 2 years.
Students could specialize in Enterprise Resource Planning, Product Quality Control and Reliability Testing, Database Warehousing and Management, Networking, Application Programming, etc.

Leading institutes and colleges

Department of Computer Science, University of Delhi;
Department of Computer Science, University of Mysore;
Institute of Computer Science and Engineering, Jamia Milia Islamia;
Centre for Computer Science and Engineering, Anna University, Chennai;
School of Computer Engineering, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad;
Institute of Computer Science, University of Madras;
School of Computer Science, Mother Teresa Women’s University, Chennai;
School of Computer Science, Indira Gandhi National Open University;

Job profile

Job profiles in the IT sector differ substantially depending upon the area of specialization; Software Developer, Programmer, PHP Specialists, Quality Analyst, Graphic Designer, Oracle PL / SQL developer. All employment in the IT sector is office based.

Employability Skills

Logical thinking and creativity
Accuracy and ability to focus
Team working ability and good inter-personal skills
Flexible thinking and an open mind

Prospective Employers

IT specialists are in demand in nearly every industry in the economy. The bulk of the employment opportunities are in the private sector including in education, films, banks, stock exchanges, animation, media, research organisatons, almost all business and commercial enterprises, etc. There is also substantial demand from Government departments which are increasing getting themselves networked to provide enhanced services to citizens.

Leading Employers

i. Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) Limited;
ii. Infosys Limited;
iii. WIPRO Technologies Limited;
iv. Cognizant Technologies Limited;
v. Google India Limited;
vi. Yahoo India;
vii. Accenture India;
viii. Tech Mahindra Limited;
ix. Intelenet Global Services Limited;
x. First Source Solutions Limited;
xi. HCL Technologies Limited;
xii. L & T Infotech limited

Compensation Packages

The monthly salary of data entry operators and computer operators would be in the range of Rs.5,000/- to Rs.15,000/-. Programmers and Data Warehousing Specialists would earn close to Rs.20,000/- per month and Software Developers – Rs.50,000/- per month. At the managerial level, salary would be in the region of Rs.1.00 lakh per month. Of course, much would also depend upon the pedigree of the company and the geographical location of the posting. International employment would fetch a much higher compensation package but that has to be reckoned in relation to the expenses of living abroad.

Pluses and minuses

Handsome salary and a generally superior work environment;
International exposure and travel because the industry is spurred by global business;

Extremely high work pressure causes tremendous work-life imbalance;
Countries such as the USA are introducing barriers to prevent movement of business to India.

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