AN INTRO TO THE ADVENTUROUS AND FASCINATING CAREER IN THE MERCHANT NAVY
A merchant navy or merchant marine is the fleet of merchant vessels registered in a country. Seafarers on merchant vessels of various ranks and sometimes members of maritime trade unions are required by the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watch keeping for Seafarers to carry Merchant Mariner’s Documents just like when you are driving an automobile you are supposed to carry your driver’s license.
Did you know? The title -“Merchant Navy”was christened on the British merchant shipping fleets following their service in the First World War by King George V. Since then a number of other nations have adopted the title.
The Merchant Navy comprises the merchant ships that transport cargo and people during time of peace and also during war depending on the country’s requirement and the country you are operating in.
Here’s a byte for those interested to dig deep into the origins of the merchant navy, it pays to learn more about the career that you wish to pursue beforehand rather than burning your hands later. But you can always skip the Para if you are not interested. For much of its history, the Merchant Navy was the largest merchant fleet in the world. With the decline of the British Empire in the mid – 20th century, it has slipped down the rankings. Talking about numbers, the Merchant Navy was the largest in the world with 33% of total tonnage in 1939. By 2012, yet still remaining one of the largest in the world, the Merchant Navy held only 3% of total world tonnage.
Merchant Navy deals with transportation of cargo generally by sea route that may not possible to dispatch either by road, rail and air between countries. The fleet may include Tanker ships, cargo ships, bulk carriers, container and barge carrying ships, etc. One can find employment not only in the fast growing Indian economy but also in foreign vessels of different countries.
As an Indian you have got to have knowledge about the Indian merchant navy and its statistics. The birth of the modern Indian merchant navy happened way before independence from the British Empire, when in the year 1919, the merchant vessel SS Loyalty sailed from India to Great Britain. Since independence the Indian maritime industry has grown, though some experts argue that it is not up to expectations. Today, India ranks 22nd in the world in terms of total DWT ranking. India currently supplies around 12.8% of Officers and around 14.5% of ratings to the world seafaring community. This is one of the highest of any country.
The Merchant Marine of the United States is made of the nation’s civilian owner merchant ships. The merchant marine transports cargo and passengers during peacetime. At times of war, the merchant marine is an auxiliary to the U.S. Navy and can be called upon to deliver troops and supplies for the military. People associated with the merchant marine are called merchant mariners. In times of war in accordance with the Merchant Marine Act of 1936 they are considered military personnel. During peacetime they are referred to as civilians just like anyone else. As of 2009, the U.S. merchant fleet had a total of 422 ships registered with approximately 69,000 people in the industry.
Do you know that you can enter this field right after completion of your class X without waiting to complete your degree? Stay tuned for career opportunities and how – to guide to guide you through the admission process and the institutes offering the requisite courses.