law judiciary

Career in Law and Judiciary

Yashwant Kale Career Guidance Leave a Comment

Law has been one of the most sought after professions in India along with medicine and engineering. Though there may be a pattern of family background, this is not essential and any student can become a successful lawyer if he has the passion and is prepared to work hard. The field was for a long time restricted to either civil law or criminal law. But the opportunities today are tremendous – labour law, patent law, divorce law, taxation law, international law, arbitration law, etc.

Industry prospects

The Bar Council of India has estimated that annually it enrolls around 1200 to 1500 new members. India is has one of the highest rates of litigation in the world. The pendency of cases in courts is one of the evidences of the scope that exists for lawyers. Further, with increased global investments in India, the scope for corporate lawyers is also growing.


The LL.B. course is the academic entry point into the law and judiciary sector. The rules and regulations for the course are framed by the Bar Council of India which is the governing body for the practice of law in the country.

Options after 12th Standard

Students wishing to make a career in the law and judiciary sector can do a five years course immediately after completion of the Higher Secondary Certificate or 10+2 or any equivalent examination. This route to career building in the sector is favoured by students who are able to decide their future career at an early stage. The country wide Combined Law Admission Test (CLAT) is conducted to decide admissions, on the basis of merit, to the National Law Schools. The examination tests the students’ knowledge of English, Aptitude for Law, Logical Reasoning and General Awareness. This course includes practical training, court attendance, research assignments and hands on work at legal aid centres. The tuition fees for the course are in the region of Rs.4.00 lakh.

Options after graduation

After graduation in any discipline, the aspiring candidate who wants to make a career in the law and judiciary sector has the option of studying in a three years course. This course is giving way to the five years course that is available after completion of the 10+2 examination. However, it continues to be an option for graduates who decided late that this is the career they wish to build and for working professionals who desire to further their career growth. The tuition fees for the course aggregate around Rs.35,000/- for three years.


Graduates in law can specialize in civil law, patent law, taxation, criminal law, property law, international laws, labour law, corporate law, etc.

Other Available Cources


Post Graduate Diploma Courses in Taxation / Labour Laws / Forensic Science / International Law / Criminology are offered by some universities.

Leading institutes and colleges

i. NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad;
ii. National Law University, Jodhpur;
iii. Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi;
iv. Faculty of Law, University of Delhi;
v. National Law Institute University, Bhopal;
vi. Gujarat National Law University, Ahmedabad;
vii. Government Law College, Mumbai;
viii. National Law School of India University, Bengaluru;
ix. Symbiosis Society’s Law College, Pune;
x. Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh;
xi. ILS Law School, Pune;
xii. Amity Law School, Delhi

Job profile

The work dimensions of a law graduate making a career in law would depend largely upon his chosen area of expertise and the nature of employment. Employment with a large corporate as a legal advisor would involve briefing the company’s solicitors, drafting of documents, affidavits, petitions, etc. As a public prosecutor, he would be called upon to represent the State in criminal cases. Working as Solicitor-General or in the office of the Solicitor-General would involve representing the Government Departments in the High Courts or assisting in preparing the documents, briefs, etc. on the basis of which the Government’s position would be presented before the Court.

Employment Skills

Excellent communication and oratory skills
Comprehensive grasp of law and logical thinking
Good listening skills
Flexible approach and ability to think on the feet
Patience and polite but firm, no-nonsense approach

Prospective Employers

After completion of a course in law, a student can make a career either as an advocate practicing in a Court of Law or seek employment with a corporate and work as a Legal Advisor. Other options are to take up teaching in law schools and colleges or work as specialists in the print media. Clearing examinations conducted by the Union or State Public Services Commissions is the route for securing employment with the Central / State Governments. With experience, a law graduate can aspire for promotion to the post of Public Prosecutor or even Solicitor General. And, there are many good law firms looking for academically well-qualified legal professionals with practical experience of day to day court case management.

Leading Employers

i. Desai & Dewanji;
ii. Wadia Ghandy & Co.;
iii. AZB and Partners;
iv. Singhania and Partners;
v. Luthra & Luthra;
vi. Vaish & Associates;
vii. Khaitan & Co.;
viii. Trilegal;
ix. Mulla & Mulla & Craigie Blunt & Caroe;
x. Fox Mandal & Co.;
xi. Little & Co.;
xii. Chitale & Chitale Partners;
xiii. Naik, Naik & Co.;
xiv. Dua Associates;
xv. Bhasin & Co.;

Compensation Packages

A law graduate who begins his career as an understudy to a practicing advocate could expect to start with a monthly salary of between Rs.10,000/- to Rs.25,000/-. Much would depend upon the standing of the advocate with whom he associates.

Pluses and minuses

Immense satisfaction when you help another person establish his innocence;
With experience and court success, the career can be financially rewarding;

Takes a long time to become really successful;
Can be extremely stressful when clients become very demanding and there are conflicting priorities

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