marine engineering

Career in Marine Sector

Yashwant Kale Career Guidance Leave a Comment

International trade has been increasing exponentially on account of globalization. 80% of the movement of cross-country freight takes place on the international waterways of the world. Shipping vessels that sail the seven seas include container ships, bulk carriers, coal hulks, oil tankers, pleasure cruisers, salvage tugs, research vessels, ice breakers, anchor and supply vessels for the offshore oil industry, etc.

Industry prospects

The fortunes of the shipping industry are closely linked to the growth of international trade;
Commodity prices have been witnessing a down turn that has led to increasing movement of goods such as iron ore, coal, grains, fertilizers, etc.
There has been an upturn in demand for dry bulk carriers;
The upswing in oil demand from Asia has led to an increased demand for oil tankers

Academia

Options after 10th standard
A student who passes the 10th standard examination or any equivalent thereof with not less than 50% marks in the aggregate is eligible for admission to a diploma course which could lead to a career in the marine sector.
•Diploma in Marine Electrical and Electronic Engineering;
•Diploma in Marine Engineer Conversion Course;
•Diploma in Merchant Navy;
•Diploma in Nautical Science

Options after 12th standard
To be eligible for admission to an undergraduate course culminating in the award of a B.E. or B. Tech. degree in marine engineering, the candidate should have passed the 12th standard or an equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and English as compulsory subjects. The undergraduate course is of 4 years duration.

Admission to the course will depend upon performance in the entrance examinations:  All India Common Entrance Test;
Indian Maritime University Common Entrance Test;
IIT Joint Entrance Examination;
All India Engineering Entrance Examination;
Marine Engineering and Research Institute Entrance Examination

Options after graduation
After completion of B.E. (Marine Engineering) or B. Tech. (Marine Engineering), students would be eligible for admission to a M.E. or M.Tech. course in marine engineering. The post graduate course is of 2 years duration.

Admission to the post graduate courses is related to score in the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE).

Other courses available to pursue careers in the marine sector include those for Deck Cadets, General Purpose Ratings, Automatic Radar Plotting Aids (ARPA), Global Maritime Distress and Safety System, Higher National Diploma in Marine Engineering and Higher National Diploma in Nautical Science,

Leading institutes and colleges

• Birla Institute of Technology and Science;
• Chennai School of Ship Management;
Indian Institute of Maritime Studies;
• College of Engineering, Anna University;
• Marine Engineering and Research Institute;
• Annamalai University;
• International Maritime Institute;
• Maharashtra Academy of Naval Education and Training;
• Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering;
• Mohamed Sathak Engineering College;
• Indian Marine College;
• Lal Bahadur Shastri College of Advanced Maritime Studies and Research;
• Tolani Maritime Institute;
• T.S. Chanakya, Navi Mumbai.

Job profile

Marine engineers are responsible for the design, manufacture, management, operation, and repair of all the machinery on board any sea-going vessel. Their knowledge will need to encompass diesel engines, boilers, gas turbines, heat exchangers, compressors and steam turbines. They are in charge of the engine room and the senior most in the hierarchy is the Chief Engineer. It is not uncommon for a marine engineer to spend 15-20 years of his working career on board ships and thereafter, take up a shore job in the office of a shipping company or in a shipyard or a college or university.

Posts

Deck Department posts include those of Deckhand, Ordinary Seaman, Able Bodied Seaman, and Second Mate. The Galley posts would be Stewards Assistant, Steward, Chief Steward, Assistant Cook, Chief Cook and Chef. The Engine Room posts would be Wiper, Engine Utility Man/Pumpman, Junior Engineer, Third Engineer, Second Engineer and Chief Engineer. There would also be other posts also such as Purser, Research Assistant, Master Mariner, First Mate and Captain.

Employability Skills

Comprehensive knowledge of engineering
40%
Crisis management
20%
People management skills
25%
Knowledge of regulatory requirements
15%

Prospective Employers

The employment options after education are the shipping industry (on board or on shore), ports, Directorate General of Shipping (for those who prefer a Government employment), colleges and universities teaching marine courses.

Leading Employers in Marine Sector

i. The Shipping Corporation of India Limited;
ii. Essar Shipping;
iii. The Great Eastern Shipping Company;
iv. Bharati Shipyard;
v. ABG Shipyard;
vi. Mercator Limited;
vii. Gujarat Pipavav;
viii. Varun Shipping;
ix. Global Offshore Services Limited;
x. Shreyas Shipping;
xi. Seamec Limited;

Compensation Packages

A fresh marine engineering graduate can expect a monthly salary of between Rs.30,000/- to Rs.40,000/-. After the mandatory 6 months training period, the monthly salary would increase to between Rs.50,000/- to rs.90,000/- per month. The salary would increase with experience and also depends on the tonnage and type of the vessel. A Chief Engineer would earn in the vicinity of Rs.5.00 lakh per month.

Pluses and minuses

Pluses

Excellent compensation packages most of which are tax-free;
The excitement of visiting new countries during every voyage;

Minuses

A 24×7 work environment may not be everyone’s cup of tea;
The loneliness of being cut off from family;
Extremely high cost of education

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