India’s Supercomputer, Param
PARAM is a series of supercomputers planned and gathered by the Center for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) in Pune, India. The most recent machine in the series is the PARAM Yuva II.
India appealed to the USA for help but was denied the use of Cray supercomputers. Faced with a technology gap, India proceeded to create indigenous supercomputers. Supercomputers were viewed as a twofold edged weapon fit for helping in the advancement of atomic weapons. Center for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) was set up in 1988 by the then Department of Electronics. The task was given a beginning run of 3 years and an introductory subsidizing of ₹ 300,000,000, the same measure of cash and time that was normally used to buy a supercomputer from the Us. In 1990, a model was created and was bench marked at the 1990 Zurich Supercomputing Show. It surpassed most different frameworks, setting India second after US.
PARAM 8000 was introduced in 1991. It is viewed as India’s first supercomputer.
Uncovered in 1991, PARAM 8000 utilized Inmos T800 transputers. Transputers were a genuinely new and creative chip structural engineering intended for parallel transforming at the time. It was an appropriated memory MIMD structural planning with a reconfigurable interconnection system.
PARAM 8600 was a change over PARAM 8000. It was a 256 CPU machine. For each four Inmos T800, it utilized an Intel i860 coprocessor. The result was in excess of 5 GFLOPS at top for vector handling.
PARAM 9900/SS utilized the Supersparc II processor. The configuration was changed to be secluded so that fresher processors could be effectively suited. Normally, it utilized 32-40 processors.
The base arrangement had three process hubs and a server hub. The top pace of this base framework was 6.4 GFLOPS. An average framework would contain 160 Cpus and be equipped for 100 GFLOPS But, it was effortlessly adaptable to the TFLOP range.
PARAM Padma was released in 2003. It had a top speed of 1024 GFLOPS (around 1 TFLOP) and a crest stockpiling of 1 TB. It was the first Indian supercomputer to break the 1 TFLOP boundary.
PARAM was released in 2008. It has a most extreme supportable rate (Rmax) of 38.1 TFLOPS. It has a stockpiling limit of 25 TB up to 200 TB. It utilizes Paramnet 3 as its essential interconnect.
Param Yuva II
Param Yuva II was made by Center for Development of Advanced Computing in a time of three months, at an expense of INR16 crore and was released in 2013. It performs at a crest of 524 teraflops and devours 35% less vitality as contrasted with Param Yuva. It featured in the 2012 List of Top Green500 supercomputers of the world. It is the first Indian supercomputer accomplishing more than 500 teraflops.
Param Yuva II will be utilized for examination within space, bioinformatics, climate determining, seismic information dissection, aeronautical designing, logical information transforming and pharmaceutical improvement. Instructive organizations like the Indian Institutes of Technology and National Institutes of Technology can be joined to the machine through the national learning system. This machine is a venturing stone towards building the future petaflop-range supercomputers in India.
This supercomputer has been positioned in the rundown of main 500 “Green” supercomputers on the planet. Regarding Power effectiveness, Param’s positioning: first in India, ninth in Asia-Pacific and 44th in world.
PARAM supercomputers are utilized by both open and private administrators for different purposes. Starting 2008, 52 Params have been sent, of these 8 are found in Russia, Singapore, Germany and Canada and 9 Params have additionally been sold to foreign nations as well.
Besides the Param series, there are other supercomputing works in India such as the
1.SAGA-220 that was made by ISRO, and has a capacity of 220,000 gigaflop/s.
2.EKA was built by the Computational Research Laboratories with technical assistance and hardware provided by HP. This is developed by Tata sons. It has a capacity of 132 teraflop/s.
3.Vigro-The Indian Institute of Technology, Madras has a 91.1 teraflop/s machine known as Virgo. It is ranked as 364 in the Top 500 November-2012 list.