Plastic Technology Career Sector

Yashwant Kale Career Guidance Leave a Comment

Plastic technology has a key role to play in the growth of several industries such as automotive, healthcare, textiles, construction, electronics, and FMCG for which it is an important requirement either as a raw material or for packaging. Accordingly, the risk of a down turn affecting the growth of the industry is diminished. One or other of the sectors will generate demand for plastic products.

Industry prospects

The demand for plastics in the domestic market is increasing at the rate of around 12% per annum;
The increased consumption of plastic could lead to the creation of 1.5 million job opportunities in the next few years;
Plastic is one of the fastest growing industries in India. It grew at CAGR of 8.5% during the period from FY 2008 to
FY 2013;

Academia

Options after 12th standard

To be eligible for admission to an undergraduate course for the award of a B.E./B.Tech. degree in plastic technology, the candidate should have passed the Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) or 10+2 or any equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics and scored at least 50% marks in the aggregate. Admission to the course will also take into account the performance of the student in the entrance test. Admissions to the Indian Institutes of Technology are based on the IIT-Joint Entrance Examination (IIT-JEE). Most other institutes rely on the All India Engineering Entrance Examination or State-wise examinations. The duration of the undergraduate course is 4 years.

Courses

The courses available are:
i. B.E.(Polymer Technology);
ii. B.E. (Polymer Science and Technology);
iii. B.Tech. (Polymer Science and Technology)
iv. B.Tech. (Plastic Technology);

Course Content
The course content will include Principles of Polymerisation, General Proficiency Engineering, Identification of Polymers, Testing of Polymers, Mass Transfer Rheology, Measurement and Metrology, Plastic Product and Mould Design Analysis, etc.

Options after graduation

Students who hold a B.E./B.Tech. degree in Chemical Engineering or Plastic Technology or Mechanical Engineering or Textile Engineering is eligible for admission to a M. Tech. or Post Graduate Diploma course. Students who have completed M.Sc. in Physics and Chemistry are also eligible to study for M. Tech. degree in plastics technology. Admission to the M. Tech..course is decided after taking into account the performance of the candidate in the Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineers (GATE). The duration of the post graduate course is 2 years.

Courses
The courses available are:
i. M.E. (Polymer Technology);
ii. M. Tech. (Polymer Science and Technology);
iii. M. Tech (Plastic Technology);
iv. Post Graduate Diploma in Plastic Technology;
v. Post Graduate Diploma in Plastic Mould Design;
vi. Post Graduate Diploma in Plastic Processing and Testing

Leading institutes and colleges

i. Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi;
ii. University College of Science and Technology; Kolkata;
iii. Birla Institute of Technology, Ranchi;
iv. Delhi College of Engineering, New Delhi;
v. Indian Plastics Institute, Mumbai;
vi. Madras Institute of Technology, Anna University, Chennai;
vii. Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Punjab;
viii. Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, Kanpur;
ix. L.D. College of Engineering, Ahmedabad;
x. Department of Chemical Technology, University of Mumbai

Foreign Colleges

i. Massachusetts Institute Of Technology, Boston, USA;
ii. Stanford University, California, USA;
iii. University of California, Berkeley, USA;
iv. North Western University, USA;
v. University of Illinois, USA;
vi. California Institute of Technology, USA;
vii. University of California, Santa Barbara, USA;
viii. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA;
ix. Georgia Institute of Technology, USA;
x. Cornell University, USA.

Job profile

The field of plastic engineering has many roles:
i.Plastic Testing Technicians carry out tensile tests, pressure tests, thermal tests, flexural tests, compressive tests, etc;
ii.Plastic Mould Makers work in tool rooms and convert theoretical drawings of moulds into reality. These moulds are critical in production;
iii.Plastic Processing Technician is engaged in deploying the moulds for production by setting the injection and clamping pressure and temperature;
iv.Polymer Specialist engages in the research and development of plastic compounds with specific properties

Employability Skills

Creative designing (15%);
Cutting edge knowledge of polymerization (30%)
Accuracy and precision (15%)
Excellence in mathematics (15%)                                                                                                                                              Good knowledge of Computer Aided Designing (CAD) (25%)

Prospective Employers

Graduates in plastic engineering have multiple roles to play – research & development, technical support, quality assurance, design, sales, manufacture of moulds, etc. There is also the option of teaching in colleges and universities. Employment opportunities are available in the public and private sector.

Leading Employers

The major public sector recruiters are the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, Oil & Natural Gas Commission (ONGC), Oil India Limited (OIL), Private sector companies that recruit graduates in plastic engineering include Supreme Industries Limited, VIP Industries Limited, Jain Irrigation Systems Limited, Wim Plast, Cosmo Films Limited, Safari Industries Limited, etc.

Compensation Packages

A plastic technologist would start with an initial monthly salary of around Rs.20,000/- in the public sector while in the private sector it could be marginally higher. With 2/3 years of experience, the salary would be close to Rs.30,000/-per month.

Pluses and minuses

Pluses
Plenty of job opportunities;
Plastic engineers can aspire for management positions;
Salary is good

Minuses
Working on the shop floor may be necessary with attendant discomfort and hazards;
Workload could be extremely high;
Trouble shooting when machinery breaks down can lead to high stress situations

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