Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana is Government of India’s scheme of Skill Development Initiative where standardization and recognition of skills is done. This yojana was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 16th July, 2016. The aim of this yojana/ scheme is to encourage and enable a large percentage of Indian youth by skill training of industry- relevance thereby gaining them a livelihood and securing their future. The individuals who possess prior skills or learning experience are evaluated and then are certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL). This yojana is completely free with the Indian government funding the training.
Key features of this yojana/ scheme
1.Training for a short term/ Short Term Training
This training provided in the yojana’s training centre or TCs is hoped to benefits Indian nationality individuals who are unemployed or are dropouts of colleges/ schools. Other than providing training skills the TCs also impart Financial, digital literacy, Entrepreneurship and soft skills training. The training’s duration differs on basis of the individual’s job role that can be from 150 to 300 hours. The individuals are provided placements after their training with the help of Training Partners (TPs). The fees of the training and assessing are paid by the government of India.
2.Recognition of those who have Prior Learning
Men/ women who possess prior skills or learning experience are evaluated and are then certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL). The aim of RPL is to align capabilities of the unregulated workforce of the country to the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF). Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) or any other Project Implementing Agencies (PIA) are assigned by MSDE/NSDC, shall be incentivized to execute RPL projects in any of the three Project Types. RLA candidates may be offered Bridge Courses by PIAs to cover the knowledge gaps.
This feature of the yojana enables trainings in special areas and/or grounds of Government bodies, Industry or
corporate bodies and special job training that is not defined under National Occupational Standards/ Qualification Packs.
4.Kaushal and Rozgar Mela
Communities’ active participation is an important factor that will make this Yojana a success. Special importance to the participation of the target beneficiaries through a distinct mobilization process is assigned by the yojana. Every six months Kaushal and Rozgar Melas are conducted by TPs with media coverage.
Yojana’s TCs make effort to provide placement chances to the individuals who are trained and assessed under the Yojana and support for entrepreneurship development is provided by the TPs. The placement opportunities allow the individuals to gain jobs on basis of their skills and training thereby decreasing the country’s unemployed population.
To avoid any mistakes and to confirm that high standards of quality are being maintained by the Yojana’s TCs various methods like surprise visits, call validation, reporting of self-audit etc. used by empaneled Inspection Agencies and the NSDC. Such monitoring guidelines ensure excellent quality training with the latest technology.
Hopefully more such schemes will be launched then there will be no more unemployed youth in India.