Right to Education Act 2009
The Right to education was prior known as the ‘Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act’. But later it was changed to the name which we know it today(Right to Education).
Under the Central Advisory Board of Education, the drafting of the bill was done and was then sent to the Ministry of Human and resource development for review. Then it was sent to the National Advisory Council and the Prime Minister of India. The whole process of scrutiny and analysis took around three long years and then came the final day when it was enacted.
“If we are to teach real peace in this world…we shall have to begin with the children.”
The Right to Education Act which was enacted on 9th August 2009 was primarily aimed at providing the free and compulsory education to the children of the country. By the implementation of the law under the article 121a of the constitution of India, the country listed them self among those 135 countries which have the fundamental right for the children for free and compulsory education.
‘The Right To Education Act 2009’ came into the force on 1st April 2010.
Pros of Right to Education Act-
There are several pros of the act which can be mentioned as follows:
1. It makes every child between the age of 6 years to 14 years authorized to have the free and compulsory education.
2. The fundamental right to the children regarding education allows them to have the admission to every school based on some norms.
3. This act puts up some control on the functioning of elementary schools regarding admissions to the children belonging to the backward sections of the society.
4. It made 25% reservations in all the elementary schools in the country to be filled by the children as the part of a public-private partnership.
5. This act has also come up with the special provisions to bring back the school drop-out children to be at par with the students of their age.
6. Several provisions related to the school infrastructure, student-teacher ratio and many other facilities have been drawn under this act.
7. The act also brings a hold on the schools working policies regarding expelling of the students and the held back and even the compulsory conditions to pass the board education until the stage of elementary education.
8. Another factor in favor of this act is the extension to the age of the students with disabilities and such students up to the age of 18 years comes under the act.
CONS of Right to Education Act-
However there are still some of the cons associated with the act, which can be mentioned as below:
1. The act is being looked as the hastily drafted one.
2. There have been reports that the consultation with the educational groups and their insights have not been taken before the drafting of the act.
3. No specific guidelines related to the children below the age of 6 years have been included.
4. The act even does not cover any facts related to the quality of education.
5. Many claims have been against this act to infringe the rights of the private schools and the minorities schools in their administration.
6. The act even does not contain any facility to the orphans as the number of documents required for the admission even in case of the orphans is same and have not been freed upon.
7. Even the act is being regarded by some of the sections of the country as ineffective and based on the old model of Sarva Sikhska Abhiyan.
The Right to Education Act 2009 can be regarded as a good step to bring the education among the children and empower them with the right, but the Act contains some of the faults which need to be looked at and rectify them to bring more control and better implementation of the policy. As the good citizen of the country we have the right to speak about it and write about the same.