UPSC, which stands for Union Public Service Commission, is the central board of India. UPSC is the agency which is responsible to handle the various examinations in the country.
Examinations conducted by the UPSC
The examinations conducted by the UPSC include the following examinations:
1. Indian Civil Services Examination (ICS)
2. Indian Engineering Services Examination (IES)
3. Combined Defence Services Examination (CDS)
4. National Defence Academy Examination (NDA)
5. Indian Naval Academy Examination (INA)
6. Combined Medical Services Examination (CMS)
7. Central Armed Police Forces or Assistant Commandant Examination.
8. Special Class Railway Apprentice Examination (SCRA)
9. Indian Economic Service or Indian Statistical Service Examination (ISS)
10. Indian Geologists Examination
Formation of the UPSC
The UPSC was formed on 1st October, 1926. However, during the formation, it was named as ‘Public Service Commission’. The formation stone of PSC was laid on the recommendation of the Royal Commission. The Royal Commission under the chairmanship of Lord Lee, recommended the setting of the PSC or Public Service Commission in 1924 and on the basis of this report, the PSC was formed. The PSC was formed under the chairmanship of Sir Ross Barker. Under the Government Act of India, 1935, this Public Service Commission changed into ‘Federal Public Service Commission’. The Federal Public Services Commission became the Union Public Service Commission after the independence and became the Constitutional body which the implementation of the constitution of India on January 26, 1950.
Historical Functioning of the UPSC or PSC
During the rule of the British, the formation of the Public Service Commission was done. It was formed with the motive to fulfil the needs of the recruitment to the services in the territory. However, the failure of the PSC in meeting the aspiration of the public and satisfying their demands saw the leaders of the freedom movement to put up the stress and thus resulted in to the setting up of the ‘Federal Public Service Commission’. Thus, the formation of the Public Service Commission was made possible at the provisional level. After the formation, the Federal Public Service Commission began the working of the recruitment for the people and meet their aspirations.
Structure of UPSC
UPSC is the commission, which consists of ten members and a Chairman. The terms and conditions of the members of the commission are regulated by the act of Union Public Service Commission Regulations, 1969. The President of India appoints the Chairman of UPSC and all its members. The minimum criteria for the appointment of these members of UPSC demands at least ten years of experience either in the Central or the state service. More than half of the members of the UPSC are civil servants either they may be working or retired. The secretary along with two other additional secretaries, including the joint secretary and deputy secretaries with other staff regulates the working of the Union Public Service Commission. The entire working of the Commission is regulated at the secretariat.
Present Members of the Commission
As of 18th August, 2014, the members of the commission are as follows:
• The Chairman- Shrimati Rajni Razdan
Other members of the Commission
• Smt. Alka Sirohi
• Prof. David R. Syiemlieh who is an Academician and Former VC of R.G. University
• Shri Manbir Singh, who is an ex-IFS
• Shri Amar Pratap Singh, Former CBI Director
• Prof. Hem Chandra Gupta, who is Former Professor of IIT Delhi
• Vice Admiral (Retd.) D.K. Dewan
• Shri Vinay Mittal, Former Chairman of Railway Board
• Dr. (Smt.) P. Kilemsungla, Indian educationist
• Shri Chhatar Singh, Former Principal Secretary to Haryana CM
Role of the UPSC
The UPSC have been entrusted with the following duties:
• Recruitment to the services and Posts through Competitive examinations.
• Recruitment to the services and Posts through Interviews.
• Disciplinary cases related to different civil services.
• Advising on the suitability of the officers.
• The process of advising the government on all matters related to the recruitment.
The Commission submits its annual reports to the President of India. This report includes the whole working of the commission during the entire working year. Then the President submits this report to the Parliament along with the memorandum in connection the cases where the Commission gave its advice and the advice were not accepted and also including the reason for such conditions.
UPSC is the Constitutional body which shoulders the responsibility of several recruitment of the people on various high and important posts in the country.
click here to see official website for UPSC.
See Also….Exams conducted by UPSC